The use of extracts in baby care
Baby skin is much thinner and more sensitive than the skin of an adult, which is why it is more susceptible to irritation and chemical influences. The outer layer of a baby’s skin, called epidermis, has only of 1-2 thin layers of cells, while an adult’s skin has several layers. In addition, skin of children has high content of water and lipids, which makes the epidermis lipids easily permeable to fat-containing medicines and cosmetics (ointments and creams). Drying, degreasing, and excessive cooling of the skin reduces its capability to protect itself; and it will likely turn red, feel irritated, and will be damaged.
Therefore, daily caring for baby’s skin is very important particularly when using special cosmetics and hygiene products. The composition of cosmetics for babies usually has D-panthenol, zinc oxide, allantoin, beeswax, glycerin, some oils, vitamins, and natural plant extracts. However, the choice of extracts is limited, since not all plants are compatible with baby skin.
The most in demand of CO2-extracts of plants are chamomile, calendula, aloe, linden, oak bark, eucalyptus, olive, oats, and sea buckthorn. Each extraction of manufacturers follows the recommended dosage input in cosmetics, but they are usually introduced with a concentration of 0.01-0.02%.
For the manufacture of baby cream, extracts are introduced at a temperature of 95-113 F, which is the final stage of the emulsion. Meanwhile, extracts for the manufacture of baby shampoo are being introduced after entering the surfactant, which is at 95-113 F.
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